Reading Strategies

What strategies can help your child become a good reader?  

Reading with your child is extremely important to enhancing your child's fluency and understanding of a text. Talking and having conversations with your child, play a necessary part in helping his language skills grow. By talking to your child during reading, you can tell what they are thinking. You can clarify and expand their thinking by questioning them as well. Children use different strategies to assist them when they are reading.

 Word Solving Strategies:   

  • Look at the letters. Make the sounds. Blend the sounds together.
  • Find a syllable (open, closed, magic 'e', vowel team or r-controlled)

Meaning Strategies:

  • Infer (make a prediction or form a new idea).
  • Make a connection.
  • Make a sensory image (a picture in your head).
  • Ask questions.
  • Summarize or retell the text.
  • Decide what is important.

Children need the following to be successful readers:

  • Phonemic Awareness
  • Phonological Awareness
  • Phonics - Letter/Sound Relationships
  • Phonics - Word Structure
  • Fluency
  • Vocabulary
  • Comprehension

What should students do BEFORE & DURING reading?
When a child picks up a text he or she previews the text to determine if it is something they want to read as well as determining the type of text.  The following are strategies students use at our school to ultimately understand what they read.

Before Reading:

  • Preview the Text
    • Look at the title.
    • Look at the pictures.
    • Look at the features.
  • Think:  Literary or Informational.

 
Before reading of literary text:

  • Make connections.
  • Make predictions.
  • Ask questions or think "I wonder..."
  • Set a purpose.

During reading of literary text:

  • Use strategies to read words.
  • Ask "Do I understand this?"
  • Stop and retell as I read.
  • Visualize and make pictures in my head.
  • Make connections to: self, other texts and world.
  • Check my predictions.
  • Make new predictions.
  • As questions or think "I wonder..."  Then search.

Before reading an informational text:

  • Think about the topic.
  • Ask questions or think "I wonder..."
  • Look at the features.
  • Set a purpose.

During reading of an informational text:

 

  • Use strategies to read words.   
  • Ask "Do I understand this?"
  • Think about the structure or pattern of the text. 
  • Stop and paraphrase as I read.
  • Visualize and make pictures in my head.
  • Make connections to:  self, other texts and world.
  • Organize my information.
  • As questions or think "I wonder..."  Then search.