Fine Moter Skills Ideas

Great Ideas
Improve Hand Skills:
improving wrist stabilization
developing hand arches
improving strength of hand muscles
 
ACTIVITIES – To improve hand skills:
Donkey Kick – shift weight
Write in vertical at eye level with writing tool
Work in vertical to do small manipulatives; lacing eye hooks, peg board, lite brite,
magna doodle, coloring, painting, manipulating putty.
Rolling pin to flatten therapy putty, play dough
 
DEVELOPMENT OF HAND ARCHES:
 
ACTIVITIES – To improve hand arches:
Pinch small objects
Scrunch paper towel or newspaper under palm
Press round shaped object or toy into palm
Press open clothes pins
Find pennies hidden in therapy putty
Spider in the mirror game
up hands to roll dice
Turn over a row of pennies
Cut therapy putty or play dough with a plastic knife or small scissors
Pinch Ziploc bag to close
 
SEPARATION OF SKILL FROM POWER SIDE OF HAND:
 
ACTIVITIES – To improve separation of parts of the hand:
Squeeze trigger of ‘spray bottle’ to squirt water to clean off target on blackboard
Roll therapy putty between thumb and index finger or thumb to index and middle
fingers
Snap fingers
‘Squirrel' objects into palm of hand using only finger movements (use pennies,
paper clips, small dice or tiny lite brite pegs
Play finger pattern games where child is instructed to lift/separate/bend /straighten
fingers; Start by having child place both his hands on table to motor plan
movements by moving finger in space.
 
Precision skills of intrinsics: (tiny muscles within the hand)
 
ACTIVITIES – To improve small muscles of the hand:
Oppose thumb with each finger tip
Tug of war with fingers using coffee stirrer and/or tongue depressor
Place pennies into small slot such as a piggy bank
Hold and pinch therapy putty or play dough
Wrap a rubber band or therapy putty around child’s flexed fingers; as he/she
straightens out fingers, spread fingers apart against resistance
Hold a flat book or tray from underneath on extended fingers; Balance something
on top
Wring out small sponges
 
TRANSLATION MOVEMENTS:
Wrap a rubber band or therapy putty around child’s flexed fingers; as he/she
straightens out fingers, spread fingers apart against resistance
Hold a flat book or tray from underneath on extended fingers; Balance something
on top
Wring out small sponges
 
TRANSLATION MOVEMENTS:
ACTIVITIES – To improve individual finger use or isolation skills:
Lace through eye loop design board
Insert pegs into peg board placed in vertical
Sting beads
‘Feed’ or withdraw pipe cleaner, coffee stirrers, plastic lace into snug opening in
cardboard or leather
 
ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE/MODULATE DELICATE TOUCH:
Line up dominoes on their long, narrow side – Gently tap first one to see if all fall in
sequence
Pick up fragile items with fingers/tweezers: cornflakes, mini-marshmallows, bits of
foam, without breaking or denting them
Play pick up sticks using fingers or a magnet
Drop specific number of droplets of water from an eye dropper
 
ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE AWARENESS OF BODY POSITION (KINESTHESIA)
(without vision):
Weighted cuff, weighted vests
Heavy work – pick up heavy objects
Deep rubbing
Follow a path on top of a card, by using a magnet under the card to direct and
move the marble on top through a maze
Stack poker chips; build a tower at midline without looking. Pile like colors to right
and some other color on left of midline. See if child can build a ‘striped’ tower
without vision.
Flippits – First with vision to judge distance of containers, then close eyes and try to
gauge distance
Draw a vertical line at midline, on board. See if child is able to simultaneously hold
a writing tool in each hand and make a series of straight, convex and concave lines
from midline in an upward and outward pattern (Emphasize, rhythm, speed, and
uniformity)